France launches ‘massive’ airstrike on Isis stronghold of Raqqa

Fighter jets launch biggest raid to date targeting Islamic State bastion in Raqqa province of Syria

French fighter jets launched their biggest raids in Syria to date, targeting the Islamic States stronghold in Raqqa just two days after the group claimed coordinated attacks in Paris that killed more than 130 people, the defence ministry said.

The raid … including 10 fighter jets, was launched simultaneously from the United Arab Emirates and Jordan. Twenty bombs were dropped, the statement said, adding that the mission had taken placeon Sunday evening.

The operation, carried out in coordination with US forces, struck a command centre, recruitment centre for jihadists, a munitions depot, and a training camp for fighters. The sites targeted had previously been identified on reconnaissance flights, the statement said.

A defence official was quoted by Associated Press as saying the strikes were massive and had destroyed two jihadi sites in Raqqa.

The first target destroyed was used by Daesh [an alternative name for Isis] as a command post, jihadist recruitment centre and arms and munitions depot. The second held a terrorist training camp, a ministry statement said.

Reports from activists inside Raqqa suggest the airstrike targets were known Isis strongholds, including Division 17, an army base to the north of the city that had been under Isis control since July 2014.

The French retaliatory strikes were discussed between the French defence minister, Jean-Yves Le Drain, and the US defence secretary, Ash Carter, in phonecalls on Saturday and Sunday.

Raqqa is seen as the de facto capital of the Islamic State’s territory
Raqqa is seen as the de facto capital of the Islamic States territory

In the aftermath of the attacks on Paris, the French president, Franois Hollande, said terrorists strikes were an act of war on France, organised and planned from the outside.

He said the attackers wanted to scare us and fill us with dread, but warned Frances retribution would be swift and unflinching.

We are going to lead a war which will be pitiless. Because when terrorists are capable of committing such atrocities they must be certain that they are facing a determined France, a united France, a France that is together and does not let itself be moved, even if today we express infinite sorrow.

Frances decision to launch retaliatory airstrikes was an act of self-defence, French foreign minister, Laurent Fabius, said, speaking on the first day of the G20 summit in Turkey.

France has always said that because she has been threatened and attacked by Daesh, it would be normal that she would react in the framework of self-defence. Thats what we did today with the strikes on Raqqa, he said. We cant let Daesh act without reacting.

French interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve said the attack on Paris was masterminded by terrorist leaders within Syria, who commissioned operatives in Belgium to carry out the assault.

A group situated in Syria… is organising attacks [with] actors situated in Belgium who are not known to our services, and is inciting them to act on French territory, just like they incite them to act in other European cities, Cazeneuve said in an interview on France 2 TV.

As a result, we are facing a new reality, one of acts of war organised by Barbarians from inside Syria.

Paris attacks: how events unfolded

Information from inside Syria suggested the bombings had cut water and electricity supplies across Raqqa.

Activists in the city have said the bombings have caused panic, but the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said it had no information about casualties so far.

Islamic States media arm, Amaaq, claimed the airstrikes hit sites that had already been abandoned, and that no-one was killed, CNN reported.

Raqqa is claimed as the de facto capital of the Isis caliphate, and has come increasingly under the control of the terrorist organisation since 2013.

The city has hollowed out under Isis rule the population has fallen from about 1 million to 400,000 and Isis has imposed an increasingly harsh regime on those who remain.

The US has forecast an escalation in its operations in Syria and Iraq.

In recent weeks, Barack Obama has approved increased airstrikes on both countries, and authorised the deployment of 50 special operations soldiers to bolster Syrian Kurdish and Arab forces fighting Isis on the ground.

Speaking on Saturday, the Iraqi foreign minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari said it was known before Friday that Isis attacks on foreign targets were imminent. He said Iraqi intelligence services had shared information that strikes on France, the US, and Iran were being planned.

Information has been obtained from Iraqi intelligence sources that the countries to be targeted soon, before it occurred, are Europe in general, specifically France, as well as America and Iran, Jaafari said.

But the Iraqi alert was judged routine by US and other authorities, one of many issued by Baghdad since IS began its expansion several years ago. The alert did not give a timeframe nor specifically identify Paris as ISs next international target.


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