A shadowy operation involving big data, billionaire friends of Trump and the disparate forces of the Leave campaign heavily influenced the result of the EU referendum. Is our electoral process still fit for purpose?
The connectivity that is the heart of globalisation can be exploited by states with hostile intent to further their aims. The risks at stake are profound and represent a fundamental threat to our sovereignty. Alex Younger, head of MI6, December, 2016
Its not MI6s job to warn of internal threats. It was a very strange speech. Was it one branch of the intelligence services sending a shot across the bows of another? Or was it pointed at Theresa Mays government? Does she know something shes not telling us? Senior intelligence analyst, April 2017
In June 2013, a young American postgraduate called Sophie was passing through London when she called up the boss of a firm where shed previously interned. The company, SCL Elections, went on to be bought by Robert Mercer, a secretive hedge fund billionaire, renamed Cambridge Analytica, and achieved a certain notoriety as the data analytics firm that played a role in both Trump and Brexit campaigns. But all of this was still to come. London in 2013 was still basking in the afterglow of the Olympics. Britain had not yet Brexited. The world had not yet turned.
That was before we became this dark, dystopian data company that gave the world Trump, a former Cambridge Analytica employee who Ill call Paul tells me. It was back when we were still just a psychological warfare firm.
Was that really what you called it, I ask him. Psychological warfare? Totally. Thats what it is. Psyops. Psychological operations the same methods the military use to effect mass sentiment change. Its what they mean by winning hearts and minds. We were just doing it to win elections in the kind of developing countries that dont have many rules.
Why would anyone want to intern with a psychological warfare firm, I ask him. And he looks at me like I am mad. It was like working for MI6. Only its MI6 for hire. It was very posh, very English, run by an old Etonian and you got to do some really cool things. Fly all over the world. You were working with the president of Kenya or Ghana or wherever. Its not like election campaigns in the west. You got to do all sorts of crazy shit.
On that day in June 2013, Sophie met up with SCLs chief executive, Alexander Nix, and gave him the germ of an idea. She said, You really need to get into data. She really drummed it home to Alexander. And she suggested he meet this firm that belonged to someone she knew about through her father.
Whos her father?
Eric Schmidt the chairman of Google?
Yes. And she suggested Alexander should meet this company called Palantir.
I had been speaking to former employees of Cambridge Analytica for months and heard dozens of hair-raising stories, but it was still a gobsmacking moment. To anyone concerned about surveillance, Palantir is practically now a trigger word. The data-mining firm has contracts with governments all over the world including GCHQ and the NSA. Its owned by Peter Thiel, the billionaire co-founder of eBay and PayPal, who became Silicon Valleys first vocal supporter of Trump.
In some ways, Eric Schmidts daughter showing up to make an introduction to Palantir is just another weird detail in the weirdest story I have ever researched.
A weird but telling detail. Because it goes to the heart of why the story of Cambridge Analytica is one of the most profoundly unsettling of our time. Sophie Schmidt now works for another Silicon Valley megafirm: Uber. And whats clear is that the power and dominance of the Silicon Valley Google and Facebook and a small handful of others are at the centre of the global tectonic shift we are currently witnessing.